Constitutional courts and transnational solidarity conflicts

The research project reconstructs conflicts over distribution and recognition within the EU, which have intensified during the Eurozone-crisis, as transnational solidarity conflicts. It analyzes particularly the role national and European constitutional courts play in these conflicts.

Conflict and conflict resolution

The Eurozone crisis is accompanied by a politicization of European governance. Transnational solidarity conflicts, which were pacified for a long time within the paradigm of a permissive consensus, have now developed a new quality. The tsc-project analyzes how these conflicts might be articulated and if constitutional courts may resolve them productively.

Research material

The research projects deals with the role of constitutional and apex courts in Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Spain as well as on the EU-level. It analyzes more than 100 judgements with regard to their management of transnational solidarity conflicts in the context of the Eurozone crisis.

Research aims

The tsc-project pursues three research aims: (1) to describe the dynamics of transnational solidarity conflicts and the institutional possibilities of their articulation; (2) to understand the consequences of tsc in the deep structures of national constitutional law; (3) to provide a normative yardstick for the role of constitutional courts in tsc.


The research project is affiliated at the Goethe-University Frankfurt and will be conducted in an intensive collaboration with the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg. It was launched on the 1st of March 2017 and is scheduled for five years.
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Prof. Dr. Anuscheh Farahat

Professor Anuscheh Farahat studied law in Frankfurt, Paris and Berkeley. She received her PhD in law from the Goethe University Frankfurt. Anuscheh Farahat was a research fellow (2006 – 2009) and a senior research fellow (2014 – 2017) at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg.

Her book on migrant citizenship and transnational migration in Germany (Progressive Inklusion: Zugehörigkeit und Teilhabe im Migrationsrecht, Springer Verlag, 2014) has received multiple awards, including the Herman-Mosler-Preis 2015 of the German Society of International Law. In 2021 she published a monograph on transnational solidarity conflicts and the role of constitutional courts in comparative perspective with Mohr Siebeck (Transnationale Solidaritätskonflikte: Eine vergleichende Analyse verfassungsgerichtlicher Konfliktbearbeitung in der Eurokrise).

Since March 2019 she is a Professor for Public Law, Migration Law and Human Rights Law at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg. Since 2017 she leads an interdisciplinary Emmy-Noether research group on the role of constitutional courts in transnational solidarity conflicts in Europe first at Goethe University Frankfurt a.M. and now at the Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nürnberg ("Transnational Solidarity Conflicts"). The research project is funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft). Also since 2017 Anuscheh Farahat is a Senior Research Affiliate at Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg. In 2022 she was appointed Max-Planck-Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle where she is supervising a research project titeled "JUST MIGRATION: Labour migration regimes in transnationalised contexts".

Anuscheh Farahat publishes widely on issues of European and German constitutional law, German and international migration and citizenship law, international Human Rights Law and comparative constitutionalism.


Contact: anuscheh.farahat[@]


Selected publications:

  • Adjudicating Transnational Solidarity Conflicts: Can Courts Ban the Destructive Potential?, in: Mark Dawson (ed.): Substantive Accountability in Europe's New Economic Governance, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2023, § 10, pp.217-239.

  • Contesting Austerity: a socio-legal inquiry, Hart Publishing, 2021 (ed. with Xabier Arzoz).

  • Transnationale Solidaritätskonflikte: Eine vergleichende Analyse verfassungsgerichtlicher Konfliktbearbeitung in der Eurokrise, Jus Publicum 298 (2021), Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.

  • Eigentum verpflichtet: Die Sozialbindung des Eigentums am Beispiel des Berliner Mietendeckels, JZ 2020, pp. 603–609.

  • Integration durch Bürgerschaft: Warum sich der EuGH stärker als Verfassungsgericht verstehen sollte, in: C. Grabenwarter/E. Vranes (eds.), Die EU im Lichte des Brexit und der Wahlen: Faktoren der Stabilität und der Desintegration, 2020, pp. 35–46.

  • Die Objektivierung des Asylverfahrens aus verwaltungsrechtswissenschaftlicher Sicht: Überlegungen am Beispiel der sogenannten Ankerzentren, Die Verwaltung 52 (2019), pp. 1–27. 

  • The Federal German Constitutional Court, in: von Bogdandy/Huber/Grabenwarter/Shulman (eds.), MP Handbook of Public Law in Europe, Vol. III, 2019.

  • Der EuGH in der Eurokrise: Eine konflikttheoretische Perspektive, Der Staat 57 (2018), pp. 357–385 (with Christoph Krenn).

  •  Konflikte um Solidarität und Inklusion vor dem EuGH: Zum Bedeutungswandel der Unionsbürgerschaft, in: M. Eigmüller/N. Tietze (eds.), Ungleichheitskonflikte in Europa: Jenseits von Klasse und Nation, 2018, pp. 233–262.

  • Forced Migration Governance: In Search of Sovereignty, German Law Journal (GLJ), Special Issue on Constitutional Dimension of the Refugee Crisis, 17 (2016), pp. 923–947 (with Nora Markard).
  • Enhancing Constitutional Justice by Using External References: The European Court of Human Rights’ Jurisprudence on the Protection Against Expulsion, 28 Leiden Journal of International Law 2015, pp. 303–322.

  • Progressive Inklusion: Zugehörigkeit und Teilhabe im Migrationsrecht, Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer (Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht, vol. 246, 2014).

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